Wednesday, 1 Feb 2023

Top 10 risks of artificial insemination in dogs You Need To Know

Content:

Below is information and knowledge on the topic risks of artificial insemination in dogs gather and compiled by the baonangluong.info team. Along with other related topics like: .


tificial insemination be used in dogs?

Canine ‘fertility clinics’ are on the rise across the globe. ‘Artificial insemination,’ also known as ‘AI’ is also becoming more popular amongst the breeding world. When it comes to dog breeding today, one of the main questions asked is ‘via which method? In 2017, the Kennel Club figures showed approximately 1,152 puppies were born by AI. Exact up-to-date figures are difficult to obtain, but one can only assume that this number has continued to rise significantly. This article aims to dive into the world of canine AI and will explore the reasons why dog breeders are utilising this more and more.

Table of contents

  • What is AI?
  • Practicalities of canine AI
  • Weaknesses/disadvantages of canine AI
  • Surgical method
  • Non-surgical methods
  • Legalities
    • Who can legally carry out artificial insemination procedures in dogs? 
  • Conclusion
  • You might also be interested in:

What is AI?

Many dog breeders aim to increase conception rates and litter sizes and some breeders utilise AI to try to achieve this. Artificial insemination is a method of introducing semen (which has been previously collected from a male stud dog) and depositing it into a female’s vagina or uterus during the most fertile time of her oestrous cycle with an aim to conceive a pregnancy. Chilled and frozen semen can be used. But this article will not dive into the collection or special storage/transport methods required. AI is not necessarily more successful than the natural mating method as success is still very much dependent on targeting the ideal stage of ovulation during the oestrous cycle.

Practicalities of canine AI

There are some practical reasons why dog breeders may prefer to use AI as a breeding method instead of natural mating methods (this list is not exhaustive):

  • AI allows the use of semen from stud dogs worldwide. And eliminates the need to transport stud dogs across the globe to mate a bitch. As the stud dog would not need to travel, this would eliminate transport-associated stress.
  • AI is sometimes elected as a conception method when there have been unsuccessful natural matings, failure to conceive naturally, or if the bitch or stud dog is inexperienced. 
  • Frozen semen provides an opportunity to pass on ‘superior’ genetic traits from stud dogs who are no longer with us; allowing their desirable traits to be passed on to future litters. 
  • AI reduces (although does not completely eliminate) the spread of sexually transmitted diseases. Because the AI method eliminates physical contact, it will prevent the spread of infections and devastating diseases; such as Brucellosis, canine herpes virus (CHV) and canine transmissible venereal tumour (CTVF).
  • Practically, AI can lead to widening of gene pools as genetic traits are no longer restricted to narrow geographical regions. 

Weaknesses/disadvantages of canine AI

There are also many welfare and ethical concerns with canine AI; and there are disadvantages with this method of breeding (this list is also not exhaustive!):

  • There is a risk of direct physical or psychological trauma from the AI process. Inexperienced or incorrect AI methods may lead to complications and infection. Surgical AI in particular poses a high surgical procedure risk. Some argue that this procedure does not consider their best interest.
  • Given that semen can be frozen and used to pass on certain genetics for many years, there is a risk of passing on undesirable traits and genetic disorders for a very long time.
  • AI is sometimes a chosen method of breeding in bitches who are unable to conceive naturally due to anatomical or breed conformational reasons. Breeding these dogs with suspected hereditary traits using AI is a major welfare and ethical concern as there are clearly undesirable traits that are likely to be passed onto their offspring, potentially affecting their health in the future.
  • Animal welfare remains hugely topical because AI poses risks of the transmission of hereditary diseases and conditions. 
Xem Thêm:  Top 10 how to tell if papaya is bad You Need To Know

Surgical method

You may be wondering what exactly is surgical AI? During surgical AI, the breeding bitch would undergo a full general anaesthesia and a wound/incision is made to access her abdomen/tummy. The semen is then inserted directly into the uterus. Surgical AI can only be conducted by a Veterinary Surgeon. 

For many years, surgical AI has raised many ethical concerns. Since 2019, surgical methods of artificial insemination have been banned (except for very limited exceptional reasons) by the Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons (RVCS). Surgical AI is now considered prohibited in dogs by the animal welfare legislation (Animal Welfare Act 2006). 

The surgical AI method is described by many Veterinary professionals as being unethical, traumatic and it now falls into the group of banned procedures within the category of a ‘mutilation procedure.’ The kennel club will no longer register litters produced from this method.

Non-surgical methods

There are two non-surgical methods of AI:

Trans-vaginal or intra-vaginal – this is where fresh or chilled semen is directly placed into the vaginal canal just in front of the cervix using an insemination pipette. This is the most common method of AI in dogs and (apart from natural mating) is the least invasive method. 

Trans-cervical – this is where the fresh or frozen semen is deposited directly into the uterus using specialised equipment via palpation or the use of an endoscope. Often this procedure is carried out with no sedation. 

Out of the two non-surgical methods of AI, trans-cervical is a more invasive method carried out only by a Veterinary Surgeon, but the literature suggests it has a higher success rate than the trans-vaginal method. 

Legalities

So, is artificial insemination in dogs legal in the UK? Yes but only the non-surgical methods are legal. 

Who can legally carry out artificial insemination procedures in dogs? 

Only a Veterinary surgeon can legally carry out the surgical AI method and the trans-cervical method as they are classed as ‘acts of Veterinary Surgery.’ Furthermore, the RCVS advises that trans-vaginal insemination ‘does not amount to the practice of Veterinary Surgery and may be undertaken by suitably competent lay persons.’

Conclusion

To conclude, global demands for artificial insemination is a growing trade and there is an expanding demand for chilled and frozen semen. I hope this article has appropriately summarised the various methods of AI along with some pros and cons. If you are aiming to or are already involved with canine AI methods, please ensure that the AI services are offered by professionals, as from my understanding there are a lot of inexperienced people inappropriately offering fertility services and animal welfare needs to remain the priority. 

You might also be interested in:

;

Extra Information About risks of artificial insemination in dogs That You May Find Interested

If the information we provide above is not enough, you may find more below here.

Should artificial insemination be used in dogs? - Vet Help Direct

Should artificial insemination be used in dogs? – Vet Help Direct

  • Author: vethelpdirect.com

  • Rating: 5⭐ (23952 rating)

  • Highest Rate: 5⭐

  • Lowest Rate: 2⭐

  • Sumary: Canine ‘fertility clinics’ are on the rise across the globe. ‘Artificial insemination,’ also known as ‘AI’ is also becoming more popular amongst the breeding world. When it comes to dog breeding today, one of the main questions asked is ‘via which method? In 2017, the…

  • Matching Result: There is a risk of direct physical or psychological trauma from the AI process. Inexperienced or incorrect AI methods may lead to complications …

  • Intro: Should artificial insemination be used in dogs? Canine ‘fertility clinics’ are on the rise across the globe. ‘Artificial insemination,’ also known as ‘AI’ is also becoming more popular amongst the breeding world. When it comes to dog breeding today, one of the main questions asked is ‘via which method? In 2017, the Kennel Club figures showed approximately 1,152 puppies were born by AI. Exact up-to-date figures are difficult to obtain, but one can only assume that this number has continued to rise significantly. This article aims to dive into the world of canine AI and will explore the reasons why…
  • Source: https://vethelpdirect.com/vetblog/2022/01/31/should-artificial-insemination-be-used-in-dogs/

The pros and cons of artificial insemination - DogsLife

The pros and cons of artificial insemination – DogsLife

  • Author: dogslife.com.au

  • Rating: 5⭐ (23952 rating)

  • Highest Rate: 5⭐

  • Lowest Rate: 2⭐

  • Sumary: Canine artificial insemination has improved in leaps and bounds over the last 30 years. Kristie Bradfield chats with the experts and discovers the pros and cons.

  • Matching Result: Potential risk of wasting expensive semen if corners are cut by breeder/vet. · Failure because of poor clinical examinations of the breeding pair …

  • Intro: The pros and cons of artificial insemination Image credit: Houndstooth Studio Canine artificial insemination has improved in leaps and bounds over the last 30 years. Kristie Bradfield chats with the experts and discovers the pros and cons. Canine reproduction, particularly by artificial insemination, has come a long way in the last 20 to 30 years. A few decades ago, the vast majority of breeding occurred by natural mating and you took your chances as to whether or not it would be successful. Now, with advances in reproductive technology and our greater understanding of canine physiology, we’ve managed to up the…
  • Source: https://www.dogslife.com.au/dog-news/dog-health/pros-and-cons-of-artificial-insemination

Xem Thêm:  Top 10 pork rib bones ok for dogs You Need To Know

Artificial Insemination in Dogs - Conditions Treated, Procedure ...

Artificial Insemination in Dogs – Conditions Treated, Procedure …

  • Author: wagwalking.com

  • Rating: 5⭐ (23952 rating)

  • Highest Rate: 5⭐

  • Lowest Rate: 2⭐

  • Sumary: Artificial insemination (AI) has been widely used in cattle for decades, but only in recent years has it found a niche among dog breeders.

  • Matching Result: Also, AI does not eliminate the risk of cross infection from the male dog to the female. Conditions such as brucellosis can be transferred via the semen, …

  • Intro: Artificial Insemination in DogsWhat is Artificial Insemination?Artificial insemination refers to the procedure of artificially introducing dog semen into the vagina or cervix of a female dog in order to bring about pregnancy.  Artificial insemination (AI) has been widely used in cattle for decades, but only in recent years has it found a niche amongst dog breeders. It is most frequently carried out by experienced inseminators or by vets in practice.  In the US, it is a useful way of decreasing the stress on parent stock who are separated by large geographical distances. In the UK, it is becoming popular as…
  • Source: https://wagwalking.com/treatment/artificial-insemination

Artificial insemination with canine semen

Artificial insemination with canine semen

  • Author: vetmedbiosci.colostate.edu

  • Rating: 5⭐ (23952 rating)

  • Highest Rate: 5⭐

  • Lowest Rate: 2⭐

  • Sumary: Many factors contribute to the likelihood of pregnancy when using artificial insemination, including type of semen (fresh or frozen), semen quality and quantity, age and fertility of both the stud…

  • Matching Result: This technique involves a general anesthetic and surgery with associated risks. An incision is made into the abdomen, the uterus is then identified and …

  • Intro: Artificial insemination with canine semen – Veterinary Teaching Hospital Many factors contribute to the likelihood of pregnancy when using artificial insemination, including type of semen (fresh or frozen), semen quality and quantity, age and fertility of both the stud dog and bitch, site of semen deposition (intrauterine or vaginal), and time of insemination. Types of semen Insemination can be performed using three types of canine semen: fresh, fresh-chilled, and frozen. Fresh Fresh ejaculated canine semen has the longest viability. Semen from young, fertile stud dogs can survive for up to 5-7 days in the bitch’s reproductive tract. Fresh-chilled Fresh-chilled semen…
  • Source: https://vetmedbiosci.colostate.edu/vth/services/small-animal-reproduction/artificial-insemination-with-canine-semen/

Side Effects - AKC Canine Health Foundation

Side Effects – AKC Canine Health Foundation

  • Author: akcchf.org

  • Rating: 5⭐ (23952 rating)

  • Highest Rate: 5⭐

  • Lowest Rate: 2⭐

  • Sumary: The success or failure of any breeder’s efforts hinges on the selection criteria she uses. A good breeder pays close attention to physical and behavioral traits important to her goals. These primary selection criteria are regular topics of discussion, not only between…

  • Matching Result: For instance, the use of artificial insemination (AI) and c-sections have become relatively common. AI has only been in general use by dog …

  • Intro: AKC Canine Health Foundation | Side Effects 03/14/2011 Author: C.A. Sharp Selection Factors You May Not Have considered The success or failure of any breeder’s efforts hinges on the selection criteria she uses. A good breeder pays close attention to physical and behavioral traits important to her goals. These primary selection criteria are regular topics of discussion, not only between owners of the prospective sire and dam, but at shows, trials and almost anywhere breeders get together. But there a number of factors surrounding individual breedings—and the practice of breeding in general—which can cause side effects to your breeding plans,…
  • Source: https://www.akcchf.org/educational-resources/library/articles/side-effects.html

Canine Artificial Insemination - PetPlace

Canine Artificial Insemination – PetPlace

  • Author: petplace.com

  • Rating: 5⭐ (23952 rating)

  • Highest Rate: 5⭐

  • Lowest Rate: 2⭐

  • Sumary: Canine Artificial Insemination

  • Matching Result: Canine Artificial Insemination. Reproduction in dogs can be either planned as part of a breeding program or accidental.

  • Intro: Canine Artificial InseminationPetPartners, Inc. is an indirect corporate affiliate of PetPlace.com. PetPlace may be compensated when you click on or make a purchase using the links in this article.Canine Artificial Insemination Reproduction in dogs can be either planned as part of a breeding program or accidental. Either way, most breeding is successful and results in the birth of healthy puppies. For some dogs, natural breeding is unsuccessful and artificial methods are required. Artificial insemination (AI) is the process of collecting semen and depositing it through artificial means into the vagina of the receptive bitch. AI is reserved for valuable purebred…
  • Source: https://www.petplace.com/article/dogs/pet-health/canine-artificial-insemination/

Artificial Insemination in Dogs - IntechOpen

Artificial Insemination in Dogs – IntechOpen

  • Author: intechopen.com

  • Rating: 5⭐ (23952 rating)

  • Highest Rate: 5⭐

  • Lowest Rate: 2⭐

  • Sumary: Open access peer-reviewed chapter

  • Matching Result: by R Payan-Carreira · 2011 · Cited by 30 — When performing AI we should be aware that vaginal deposition per se will negatively influence sperm cell survival and their transport in the female genital …

  • Intro: Artificial Insemination in Dogs Open access Written By Rita Payan-Carreira, Sonia Miranda and Wojciech Nizanski Submitted: November 8th, 2010 Published: June 21st, 2011 DOI: 10.5772/20374 Rita Payan-Carreira CECAV – Univ. of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro, PortugalMiranda Sónia Escola Universitária Vasco da Gama, PortugalNiżański Wojciech Univ. Environmental and Life Sciences, Wrocław, Poland *Address all correspondence to: 1. Introduction In Artificial Insemination (AI) the semen is collected manually from a stud male and thereafter deposited (inseminated) in the female so that fertilization can occur in the absence of natural mating. Artificial Insemination, one of the earliest techniques for assisted reproduction in animals…
  • Source: https://www.intechopen.com/chapters/16099

Xem Thêm:  Top 10 is boric acid toxic to dogs You Need To Know

Deciding on the Best Method of Artificial Insemination

Deciding on the Best Method of Artificial Insemination

  • Author: akc.org

  • Rating: 5⭐ (23952 rating)

  • Highest Rate: 5⭐

  • Lowest Rate: 2⭐

  • Sumary:

  • Matching Result: Conception rates can be as high as 100 percent when the estrus cycle has been appropriately managed. Artificial insemination has become a …

  • Intro: Deciding on the Best Method of Artificial Insemination – American Kennel Club When it comes to planning a litter, most breeders agree on a few things. They want to increase conception rates, maximize litter size, and produce quality puppies — all with the safety of the bitch of the utmost importance. These days, there are many ways for breeders to achieve their goals. While natural breeding may be preferred, it is not always an option. Although using fresh or fresh-chilled semen allows for the most convenient and less technical breedings, frozen semen can allow for the use of superior genetics…
  • Source: https://www.akc.org/expert-advice/dog-breeding/deciding-best-method-artificial-insemination/

Frequently Asked Questions About risks of artificial insemination in dogs

If you have questions that need to be answered about the topic risks of artificial insemination in dogs, then this section may help you solve it.

Which two drawbacks do artificial insemination have?

The following are some drawbacks of artificial intelligence: b>Requires well-trained operations and special equipment/b>; takes more time than natural services; necessitates that the operator understand the structure and function of reproduction; and lower fertility may result from improper cleaning of instruments and unsanitary conditions.

What dangers can artificial insemination pose?

Risks

  • Infection. There’s a slight risk of developing an infection as a result of the procedure.
  • Spotting. Sometimes the process of placing the catheter in the uterus causes a small amount of vaginal bleeding. …
  • Multiple pregnancy.

Which three drawbacks do artificial inseminations have?

requires more time than natural services, well-trained personnel, specialized equipment, improper instrument cleaning and unhygienic conditions may reduce fertility, and if the bull is not properly tested, the spread of genital diseases will be accelerated.

How well does canine artificial insemination work?

The success rate of artificial insemination (AI) when used in canine reproduction is highest with fresh semen, followed by chilled semen (59–80%) and frozen semen (52%–60%) (for more information on the value of AI for breeding dogs, see 5 Reasons for Why Canine Artificial Insemination Is Becoming A Mainstream).

What typical factors contribute to artificial insemination failure?

Endometriosis, poor sperm quality, decreased ovarian reserve, poor egg quality, etc. are some of the frequent causes of failed IUI.

What are two typical causes of insemination by artificial means failing?

Timing: If there are no sperm within 12 to 24 hours of ovulation, the egg in the fallopian tube will disintegrate. Poor quality sperm: Poor quality sperm cells may not be motile and strong enough to reach the fallopian tubes.

How much does artificial insemination cost for dogs at the vet?

Cost of Artificial Insemination in Dogs

A typical stud fee for a one-to-one mating is $500 to $1,000. A straw of semen varies in price depending on the heritage and pedigree of the dog. For this reason, the cost is usually available “on request” from each specific breeder.

How long does dog sperm survive following artificial insemination?

Fresh-chilled Semen can stay viable at 4 degrees Celsius for up to 3 to 4 days (semen from some stud dogs has been reported to maintain viability and fertility after storage at 4 degrees Celsius for 10 days).

Why is artificial insemination timing so crucial?

This timing allows sperm cells to migrate and be ready for fertilization, meeting a freshly ovulated oocyte at the right place and time. The best time for A.I. is 12 to 24 hours before ovulation, which correlates to four to 16 hours after the onset of standing estrus.

Is the success rate of artificial insemination high?

IUI success rates range from 7% to 10% per cycle for women with healthy eggs and two fallopian tubes; if IUI treatment is combined with fertility drugs, success rates rise to 15-25%. A single open fertility tube indicates that one of the fallopian tubes is blocked.

Video About risks of artificial insemination in dogs

Rate this post